“Onco” is a word that means a mass or bulk and usually refers to tumors. “-logy”
of course means study. So simply put “Oncology” refers to the study of tumours particularly
cancerous growth. It is a specialized branch of medicine that deals with the treatment
of cancer. A common illness today, the world has millions of sufferers and survivors
of cancer. Clinical Oncology Courses can be further classified based on the specialization
in Surgical, Medical and Radiation treatment of the cancerous cells. Oncologists
or cancer specialists are helping in the diagnosis, staging and grading of the cancer.
This ensures that the most accurate line of treatment can be followed for the patient.
Different Types of Oncology Courses
Clinical Oncology Courses can be further classified into Medical, Radiation and
Surgical Oncology. Each course deals with a specific line of treatment of the cancerous
cells. Medical Oncology Courses, teach medical methods of treating cancer and includes
chemotherapy. Under chemotherapy the patient is prescribed a cocktail of drugs to
suppress the growth of cancerous cells and the hormones that stimulate their growth.
Surgical Oncology Courses deal with the surgical treatment of cancer and includes
biopsy, staging & grading. Surgically sectioning the tumours is also a part of surgical
oncology. Oncology Courses in radiation deal with the therapeutic use of radiation
in the treatment of cancer. Each of these branches of oncology need to be in sync
to help the person undergoing cancer treatment.
Oncology is a super-specialized branch of medicine. Since Oncology Courses are Post
Graduate courses, any medical practitioner looking at specializing in oncology needs
to have a basic degree in medicine (MBBS). Allied medical personal or para medical
staff associated with cancer treatment can include radiologists and surgeons who
need to have successfully completed their basic qualification courses before starting
out on the specialization in oncology.
How to apply
All applicants to post graduate or post diploma (for radiologists) need to have
successfully completed their graduation in medicine or surgery for doctors and surgeons.
A diploma or graduation in radiology is required by radiologists wishing to join
Oncology Courses. The basic guidelines that need to be followed for the admission
process can be found on the website or obtained from the respective departments
of the institution.
A super specialization, students interested in the treatment and care of cancer
patients enroll in Oncology Courses. An oncologist is responsible for the complete
treatment and care of a patient diagnosed with cancer. Surgical oncologists grade
the cancer and determine the stage. Medical and radiation oncologists plan the line
of treatment like surgery, radiation, chemotherapy or their various combinations.
After initial therapy, oncologist’s periodic follow-up with patients to detect remission
or relapse and ensuring that the survivor is cancer free. In case of terminal illness,
the oncologist is responsible for the symptomatic and palliative care of the patient.
Monetary remuneration is similar to that for most medical specializations. The emotional
satisfaction of helping cancer patients to overcome the disease or providing solace
during the last days for terminally ill patients cannot be measured.