Distance Education over the years has emerged as one of the favourite modes of
education of the students who cannot pursue higher education through regular
mode. The significant rise in student enrolment in Open Universities in India is
the testimony to it. Open Universities in India aim to impart quality
education as good as through regular courses.
Central Open Universities in India
Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) stands in the First position
among the Open Universities in India. The fact that it is the only Central Open
University in India adds to its glamour. Established in 1985, it aims to enhance
distance mode of education and promotes the standards in open learning. It
follows a flexible pattern regarding methods and places of learning. IGNOU
compromises on age & eligibility for enrolment and combination of courses.
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It focuses on development of women and backward sections of society and has
established special study centres. It offers a wide variety of courses including
Undergraduate, Postgraduate, Doctoral, Diploma, Certificate programmes etc. This
Open University in India has adopted various methods of learning like
teleconferencing, provision of audio video tapes and print materials, broadcast
on educational TV channels etc.
State Open Universities (SOUs) in India
There are about 13 State Open Universities in India and are located in the
states of Assam, Uttaranchal, Chhattisgarh, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West
Bengal, Karnataka, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and
Andhra Pradesh. These Open Universities in India have opened plenty of study
centres with various degree and diploma courses throughout the respective states
to cater to students who wish to choose distance mode. They provide Self
Learning Materials in the form of hard copies and audio & video cassettes to
students. Open Universities in India offer tutoring and counselling by subject
experts on week- ends or holidays. Apart from these, there are also many Deemed
and other Universities which offer distance education.