Education in Karnataka

Education in Karnataka – An Introduction

Karnataka – as it came to be known after the passage of the States Reorganisation Act in 1973 was earlier the state of Mysore. It is located in the south west part of the country. The state has a rich historic past and a rapidly progressive present. Bengaluru is its capital which is also called the Silicon Valley of India. Karnataka has emerged as the de facto pan-Indian leader in the field of information technology. As per 2011 census the population of Karnataka was 61.13 million, of which the male population was 31.06 million and female population was 30.07 million. The literacy rate of Karnataka was 75.6%, of which the male literacy is 82.85% and female literacy is 68.13%. The sex ratio of Karnataka was 968 females per 1000 males, which is much above the national average of 940.

School Education in Karnataka

As of March 2013, Karnataka had 60,036 elementary schools with 3.13,008 teachers and 8.39 million students, and 14,195 secondary schools with 1,14,350 teachers with 2.09 million students. There are three kinds of schools in the state, viz., government-run, private aided and private unaided. The primary languages of instruction in most schools are Kannada apart from English, Urdu and Other languages. The syllabus taught in the schools is by and large the state syllabus (SSLC) defined by the Department of Public Instruction of the Government of Karnataka, and the CBSE, ICSE in case of certain private unaided and KV schools. In order to provide supplementary nutrition and maximize attendance in schools, the Karnataka Government has launched a mid-day meal scheme in government and aided schools in which free lunch is provided to the students. A pair of uniforms and all text books is given to children; free bicycles are given to 8th standard children. Statewide board examinations are conducted at the end of the period of X standard and students who qualify are allowed to pursue a two-year pre-university course; after which students become eligible to pursue under-graduate degrees. There are two separate Boards of Examination for class X and class XII.

Higher Education in Karnataka

Karnataka is the higher educational hub of India. There are 652 degree colleges (March 2011) affiliated with one of the universities in the state, viz. Bangalore University, Gulbarga University, Karnataka University, Kuvempu University, Mangalore University and University of Mysore . In 1998, the engineering colleges in the state were brought under the newly-formed Visvesvaraya Technological University headquartered at Belgaum, whereas the medical colleges are run under the jurisdiction of the Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences. Some of these baccalaureate colleges are accredited with the status of a deemed university. There are 187 engineering, 289 Polytechnic, 39 medical and 44 dental colleges in the state. Udupi, Sringeri, Gokarna and Melkote are well-known places of Sanskrit and Vedic learning. There is a women’s university as well as a Kannada University in the state, apart from 3 agricultural universities. A veterinary university has been set up during 2009-10. Due to the presence of numerous institutions and industries the prospects of industry interface and employment is very promising in the state.

Education in Karnataka – Future

The first engineering college in Karnataka was started by the then Diwan of Mysore Sir M. Visvesvaraya in 1917 in Bengaluru and ever since Karnataka has always been in the forefront of education in India. Karnataka is the most favored destination for education aspirants of the country.

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