Central universities in India have been established under the Act of Parliament
in 1956, and functions under the Department of Higher Education in the Union
Human Resource Development Ministry. It is this Ministry that is responsible
for the appointments made to the Central Universities, especially the
Vice–Chancellors. There are different categories of universities in India and
they include the Central universities, the State universities, the Private
universities and the Deemed universities. All the universities in India need to
be recognized by the University Grants Commission or the UGC to be functional.
Though the list of the Top Central Universities in India
account for 42 universities, at present only 41 are genuinely functional. A
Central University has been established in almost every state in India, but some
states have more than one.
All the Central Universities in India offer undergraduate, postgraduate and
Research Programs for students in different categories of subjects. Enrollment
depends on the course and the subject opted for but in general, the higher
secondary certification is the main criteria. The President of India is a
“Visitor” to all the Top Central Universities in India. Some of
these universities are at par with the international standards and students from
these universities have made a name for themselves worldwide.