Tripura has great mythological history attached to its name and virtually means
“three Cities” made of gold, silver and iron and located in heaven sky and earth.
According to 'Rajmala' Tripura’s royal house trace their origin to the celebrated
'lunar' dynasty, following in the footsteps of their counterparts in the Hindu royal
houses of the rest of India who claim to have originated from the 'lunar' or 'solar'
dynasty. Tripura has always been a tourist’s delight. To attract private investment,
Tourism has been declared as an Industry in the State since 1987. As per 2011 census
the population of Tripura was 3.67 million, of which the male population was 1.87
million and female population was 1.8 million. The literacy rate of Tripura was
87.22%, of which the male literacy is 91.53% and female literacy is 78.98%. The
sex ratio of Tripura was 960 females per 1000 males, which is much above the national
average of 940.
School Education in Tripura
Education in Tripura has developed at a very fast pace since its formation on 21st
January 1972. The beautiful small state of Tripura offers immense opportunities
for students from within and outside the region. The Government of the state has
introduced free and compulsory education policy to the students who fall in the
age group of 6 to 14 years of age. The education system of Tripura can be divided
into four stages, they are the primary stage which comprises of Classes I-V, the
middle stage consisting of Classes VI-VIII and the secondary stage comprising of
Classes IX-X. Classes XI and XII are the higher secondary stage of education. Various
government as well as private schools operates in the state of Tripura. In the government
sector as in August 2013 there were 2417 primary schools, 1240 upper primary schools,
581 secondary schools and 383 higher secondary schools. There are numerous religious
institutions in the state as well. The schools in Tripura are either affiliated
to the Tripura Board of Secondary Education or Central Board of Secondary Education
(CBSE). Some of the schools are also affiliated to the Council for The Indian School
Certificate Examinations (CISCE). The medium of instruction are English or Bengali,
though tribal and regional languages are also used.
Higher Education in Tripura
Tripura has 1 Central University and 1 Private University. There are 24 degree colleges,
2 engineering colleges, 2 medical colleges, 3 Polytechnic institutions, 1 law college,
1 music college, 1 Art College, 1 institution for advance studies in education,
1, teacher education college, 1, college of pharmaceutical science, 1 physical education
college, 3 nursing college, 1 agricultural college, 1 each of animal husbandry,
vetinary science and Para medical science, 1 folk music and 1 tribal culture institution.
In the year 2014-15, there are 31 technical institutions approved by the AICTE in
the state of Tripura. The two universities of the state are sufficient to take care
of the educational needs of the students in the state as well as the students, who
come from the other states of the country. Both these universities are very well
equipped with all the latest educational tools, which is quite relevant to all modern
industrial needs. Opportunities for research though available are limited and migration
transpires for employment.
Education in Tripura – Future
Tripura is fast developing as a promising educational heaven and is destined to
be at par with the national institutions and educational standards.