Punjab – means the “Land of the Five Rivers” was named by Maharaja Ranjeet Singh.
Despites suffering great setbacks during the partition of 1947, Punjab - post independence
has made great progress in all economic, social and cultural spheres. It contributes
nearly two thirds of the total production of food grains and a third of the milk
production of the country. Punjab is the pioneer of the Green Revolution of the
nation. The culture of Punjab has its own unique fragrance which is unmatched. As
per 2011 census the population of Punjab was 27.7 million, of which the male population
was 14.64 million and female population was 13.10 million. The literacy rate of
Punjab was 75.84%, of which the male literacy is 80.44% and female literacy is 62.52%.
The sex ratio of Punjab was 895 females per 1000 males, which is much below the
national average of 940.
School Education in Punjab
Punjab has a very strong primary educational base which in turn strengthens the
general education base of the residents of the state. The education is entirely
free for children from 6 to 14 years of age as per Right to Education (RTE) Act
of 2009. Per the School Education Department, Government of Punjab, as of 2013 there
were has 53,003 schools, having 3,23,217 teachers and 1,08,53,239 students. Schools
offer mid-day meals to students during the school hours. The schools offering primary
and secondary education are affiliated to Punjab School Education Board, Central
Board of Secondary Education or Indian School Certificate Examination (ICSE). Some
of the schools in Punjab use Punjabi as their medium of instruction. However, most
of the ICSE and CBSE schools in the state use English for imparting education. There
are 5454 secondary schools, which follow the CBSE board syllabus explicitly. These
schools have more than 5,14,304 students who are taught by 16,538 teachers.
Higher Education in Punjab
Punjab Technical University at Jalandhar was established was established by an act
of State Legislature on 16th January 1997, to promote technical, management and
pharmaceutical education in Punjab state at the degree level and above. The University
has made good progress and during this Academic Session 2011-12, the University
has affiliated 100+ engineering Colleges, 139 Management and Computer Application
courses, 37 institutions imparting Pharmacy education, 11 colleges imparting Hotel
Management education, 06 Colleges providing Architecture Education and 21 Regional
Centre for M.Tech and Ph.D in different branches of Engineering and Management and
01 Regional Centre for M.Pharmacy. More than 2013 Learning Centres of PTU are providing
professional education through Distance Learning all over the Country and abroad.
Punjab has 386 degree colleges, 14 Biotechnological colleges, 3 Agricultural colleges,
299 Education and Physical Education colleges, 175 Engineering and Architecture
colleges, 523 Industrial Training Institutes, 28 Law colleges, 363 Management and
Computer colleges, 78 Medical, Ayurvedic, Dental, Homeopathic and Physiotherapy
colleges, 326 Nursing colleges 98 Pharmacy colleges and 164 Polytechnics which are
affiliated to the various universities in the state. Industry interface and avenues
of employment are available due to present of ample industries / industrial houses
in the state.
Education in Punjab – Future
The future of education in Punjab has undergone a sea change of late and numerous
education institutions of repute have come to existence in the state providing opportune
avenues to aspirants.